This module gives an analysis and design of pre-stressed concrete flexural members; pre and post-tensioned construction, allowable stress, strength evaluation; design for bending moments and shear; evaluation of serviceability requirements; design of simple bridges. It covers principles of pre-stressed concrete, importance of structural advantages, design and analyse statically determinate, composite and statically indeterminate pre-stressed concrete structures, potential developments in new materials for pre-stressed concrete and the reasons for their adoption. 

Geotechnical Engineering is the most important part of any construction projects as it focuses on the section of a building project that is in contact with ground. A solid foundation, taking into account the ground on which it is built, is essential. Special care and quality control of foundation is required in construction as repair of a weak foundation is not easy or inexpensive matter. This unit gives students the knowledge of the ways in which understanding of geotechnical and soil mechanics to be applied in the design of shallow and deep foundations, and how the necessary information is obtained in practice. 

Life on this planet is possible due to the presence of water, hydrology is the study of the water cycle and its actions. The relationship of hydrology to climate change is essential to learn as it has an obvious impact on environmental sustainability. This unit emphasizes surface processes and watershed responses. Hydrologic science has both basic and applied aspects. Basic or pure hydrology relates to questions about the role of water in natural processes, such as shaping the surface of the Earth, the water cycle and impact of the water on society. Applied hydrology relates to using scientific knowledge as the basis for making informed decisions concerning water allocation and protection of natural resources. It covers both pure and applied uses of hydrology, with a special emphasis on the interfaces between hydrology and environmental sciences.

Transportation Engineers need to provide a safe, efficient, rapid, comfortable, convenient, economical and sustainable transportation framework for public transportations in a country. This unit equips students with the necessary skills and theoretical and empirical knowledge in relation to transportation and highway engineering. It outlines the main modes of transports which exist within modern transport network and interactions that occur when considering the planning, design and operations of highways. It covers the concept of transport in terms of passenger movement, freight haulage and communications and identifies the factors maximizing efficiency, convenience and safety for travellers; typical highway cross-sections showing pavement details; specify the processes used for the construction and recycling of typical road pavements and their foundations; assesses the highway loading in terms of axles and sub. grade strength; use of the design manual for roads and bridge methods. Introduction to transportation engineering - Railway engineering -Railway track gauge - Alignment of railway line - Sleepers, ballast Air transportation -Aircraft characteristics related to airport design -Air traffic control -Type of an airport planning studies -Road transportation -Road inventory -Road characteristics -Characteristics of drivers, the pedestrian and the vehicles -Road safety Highway Engineering -Planning requirement for highway -Traffic volume -Highway geometric design -Sight distances -Horizontal alignment design -Vertical alignment design -Highway pavement materials -Highway pavement design and materials -Pavement construction method -Traffic flow theory -Maintenance of road pavement -Intersection control -Intersection design